A resolution is merely a formal statement of opinion or of a specific decision. It is not a proposed law. A simple resolution may be passed by either chamber of the Legislature. A joint resolution must be passed jointly by both chambers. Neither type of resolution requires the signature of the Governor.
Joint resolutions are the mechanism by which amendments to the Texas Constitution are proposed. Such resolutions must be approved by the voters in order to become amendments. Joint resolutions are also used to ratify proposed amendments to the U.S. Constitution or to call a convention to propose amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
A third type of resolution, the concurrent resolution, must be approved by both houses and usually requires action by the Governor. Concurrent resolutions are used to offer commendations or a memorial, send congratulations or a statement of welcome, or request action by a governmental entity. This type of resolution is also used for administrative actions within the Legislature that require the agreement of both houses, like adjourning the Legislature or creating a joint session. Resolutions for this type of internal administration do not require action on the part of the Governor.